Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is situated in eastern Nepal, close to the border with India, and covers 175 square kilometres to the north of the kilometre-long barrage that spans the Koshi River. This was built between 1958 and 1964 to control and prevent flooding in the plains of northern India to the south. The vast expanse of open water created by the barrage, and the marshes, lagoons, sandbanks, mudflats and arable land that lie around it, offer an outstanding wetland habitat, and one of the finest birdwatching sites in Asia. Well in excess of 120 species should be seen each day in this wonderful area, amongst them such local specialities as Swamp Francolin, Red-necked Falcon, and Striated Marsh Warbler. The impressive Sarus Crane, nearly as tall as a man (below left), is frequently seen. This region is also the last refuge of the Wild Water Buffalo in Nepal, and other mammals recorded include Leopard, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Asiatic Jackal, Spotted Deer, Hog Deer, Nilgai (or "blue bull"), and the endangered Ganges River Dolphin. Your most regular and rewarding wildlife outings will be on foot, exploring the grasslands, river, lagoons and woodland close to the camp, and in the vicinity of the barrage, a short drive away. There will also be excursions by raft onto the wide waters of the Koshi River to enjoy the birdlife of the otherwise inaccessible sandbanks and islands.